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Gene alteration impacts brain tumor development: Study

July 26, 2017

The researchers found: "The alteration of multiple networking genes by recurrent chromosomal aberrations in gliomas deregulates critical signaling pathways through multiple, cooperative mechanisms. These mutations, which are likely due to nonrandom selection of a distinct genetic landscape [a consistent pattern of chromosomal alterations] during gliomagenesis, are associated with patient prognosis."

The authors add that the identification of such gene alterations in gliomas prompts evaluation of their potential as therapeutic targets. "The network context of a gene likely affects the efficacy of therapies that target its protein. The complexity of our landscape model helps explain the lack of therapeutic efficacy of strategies targeting single gene products."

A multigene risk scoring model based on seven landscape genes was associated with the duration of overall survival in 189 glioblastoma patients from TCGA, an association that was confirmed in three additional malignant glioma patient populations.

"The current work provides a network model and biological rationale for the selection of a nonrandom genetic landscape in human gliomas," the authors write. "A multigene predictor model incorporating 7 landscape genes demonstrates how molecular insights emerging from our integrative multidimensional analysis could translate into relevant clinical end points affecting the future management of gliomas."

Source: JAMA